Studies have shown that adults who drink small or moderate amounts of alcohol are less likely to develop heart disease than those who do not drink at all or who are heavy drinkers. However, people who do not drink alcohol should not be initiated simply because they want to avoid developing heart disease.
There is a fine line between healthy drinking and risky consumption. Do not start drinking or drink more often simply to lower the risk of heart disease. Drinking more can damage the heart and liver. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in people who consume alcohol.
Doctors recommend that if you drink alcohol, drink only small or moderate amounts:
- For men, reduce alcohol one to two drinks a day.
- For women, reduce alcohol to one drink a day.
A drink is defined as:
- 4 ounces of wine
- 12 ounces of beer
- 1½ ounces of alcohol at 40 °
- One ounce of alcohol 50 °
Although research has found that alcohol can help prevent heart disease, there is much more effective ways to prevent these diseases as:
- Controlling blood pressure and cholesterol .
- Following a healthy low-fat diet and exercise .
- No smoking .
- Staying at an ideal weight .
Anyone with active heart disease or heart failure should talk to your doctor before drinking alcohol. Alcohol can worsen heart failure and other heart problems.
Health and wine; Wine and heart disease; Wine and prevention of heart disease; Alcohol and prevention of heart disease
Brien SE, Ronksley PE, Turner BJ, Mukamal KJ, Ghali WA. Effect of Alcohol consumption on biological markers Associated with Risk of coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of interventional studies. BMJ . 2011; 342: D636.
Lange RA, Hillis LD. Toxins and the heart. In:. Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, eds Braunwald’s kamagra Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine . 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011: chap 73.
United States Department of Agriculture. Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion. Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 2010 . National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 2010.
Version Reviewed By: Juliet Kakish, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Ogilvie Island, PhD, and the ADAM Editorial team.
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